- Lodovico Satana
- 1971: Millett – Sexuality is Political
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- Lob Sexismus by Lodovico Satana
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Adelung even hypothesizes that because of the pervasiveness of sex in living beings, there were first only two grammatical genders, which were assigned to nouns on the basis of their semantic content, so that nouns corresponding to "the concepts of liveliness, activity, strength, size, probably also the terrifying and awful became masculine; everything one thought of as receptive, fertile, gentle, suffering, agreeable became feminine. Only later, when people came to understand that most things were inanimate, the neuter gender came into being and was assignd to nouns "when the feelings were divided or the concept so dark that none of the former feelings overweighed the other" ibid.
It is interesting to note that Adelung relates grammatical gender to natural gender on the one hand, and on the other to characteristics which we nowadays know as gender stereotypes. As we have seen, this is the first time in German grammaticography where such a relationship is established and it is completely in line with cultural history cp. Laqueur , , ch. The deparallelization of the two sexes is also noticeable 5 i.
Gender stereotypes can be found in different places in the succeeding grammars: Becker 56 , who does not subscribe to the view that grammatical gender in inanimate nouns is related to natural gender via stereotypes, still draws a parallel between active and passive word-formation suffixes and the masculine and feminine genders, but without becoming too explicit: "The difference between the active and the passive person first shows in the forms teacher, educator and trainee, pupil: in a wider sense it also includes the difference of the masculine and feminine genders.
This kind of discourse is revealed most consequently in Jacob Grimm's grammar of Grimm The chapter on gender is very large over 50 pages , and starts with the same comparison Becker used, but in contradistinction to the former, the parallelism is explicated and stated as fundamental: "This difference reaches so far into the essence of the noun and its forms as does the one between the active, passive and medium in the verb. Both classifications may be compared in more than one respect; […] the active shows itself as the masculine as the most important and initial form, the passive as the feminine as one which is derived from the former, the medium as the neuter as a mixture or combination of active and passive, male and female forms" "Dieser unterschied greift so tief in das wesen des nomens und seiner formen wie der zwischen activum, passivum und medium in die des verbums.
In the same passage Grimm also states that the three genders are in a way three languages, since a man says pulcher sum 'I am beautiful. In such a way we immediately relate the comparison between two grammatical cateogries - voice and gender - via metaphor to gender stereotypes and thus to natural gender. This system of metaphors as well as the comparison of the masculine with the active, the feminine with the passive and the neuter with the medium is pervasive in Grimm's grammar and emerges everywhere, where the topic of gender is treated. Grimm introduces a lot of stereotypes which are very often also evaluative and demonstrate the higher rank of the masculine-male over the feminine-female.
If the masculine form ends in a vowel it is a short one, whereas feminine forms have long vowels, and this again shows the distinction of the masculine, since short vowels are obviously "older and more noble" than the long ones which are dependent on the former Grimm Grimm's discourse is typical of romanticism and is not repeated in the following, modernistic and thus more rational, grammars with the exception of the Duden grammars , , but in a very abridged form.
But his way of thinking has influenced generations of linguists in their thinking about the origin of gender until the end of the 20th century Leiss Bennewitz , Engel , Wustmann. Here the use of the right gender for the designation of women but also for ships and other objects is discussed. Manuals of style argue for the use of feminine nouns for women and the reservation of masculine nouns for men cp. Doleschal This is interesting, since in the s women had to fight for the recuperation of the right to feminine nouns.
In the time after the view on the relationship between grammatical and natural gender changed radically and grammars now state that grammatical gender is a purely formal feature Ms. Ursula Doleschal May of nouns that has nothing to do with natural gender of human or other living beings, arguing that there are 1 nouns with feminine gender denoting men e. And although this relationship is not a deterministic one, i. It is especially interesting to note that the change in discourse may be abrupt, as we have noticed both for the 18th and the second half of the 20th century, and there is no need to refer to earlier views.
What we have also seen is that the degree of ideologization of grammatical discourse can vary greatly: Whereas during renaissance and baroque as well as during the post-modern time we find rather neutral discussions of gender, the period of enlightenment, romanticism and modernism are periods where the topic "gender" was highly ideologized.
Das generische Maskulinum im Deutschen. Ein historischer Spaziergang durch die deutsche Grammatikschreibung von der Renaissance bis zur Postmoderne. Jellinek, Max Hermann Heidelberg: Winter. Laqueur, Thomas Making Sex. Body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge, Mass. Auf den Leib geschrieben. German translation of Leiss, Elisabeth Genus und Sexus. Kritische Anmerkungen zur Sexualisierung von Grammatik.
Linguistische Berichte Leiss, Elisabeth Gender in Old High German. Naumann, Bernd Grammatik der deutschen Sprache zwischen und Berlin: Schmidt. Roessler, Paul Frankfurt a. Rod i jezik. In: Linguistics with a Human Face. A festschrift for Norman Denison Sornig, Karl, ed. Graz: Grazer Linguistische Monographien 10, Leipzig: Breitkopf. Aichinger, Carl Friedrich : Versuch einer teutschen Sprachlehre. Wien: Kraus.
Augsburg: Michael Manger. Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut. Behaghel, Otto  : Die deutsche Sprache. Leipzig: Freytag. Bennewitz, A. Leipzig: Gloeckner. Subject Fields:. In diesem Sinne scheint sich der Comic also nicht zwingend von anderen massen- medialen Formen zu unterscheiden, die im Zeitalter der technischen Reproduzierbarkeit eine Tendenz zur Verallgemeinerung und zum Klischee aufweisen.
Auch die Reaktionen auf die weltweiten Anti-Comic-Kampagnen der er-Jahre und die damit einhergehende Selbstzensur vieler Comicverlage verweisen aus historischer Perspektive exemplarisch auf heteronormative und oftmals xenophobe Tendenzen der massenmedialen Comic-Kultur, die sich lange in der Demographie ihrer Produzentinnen widerspiegelten. Im Rahmen der Die Einreichung und Kontakt: Abstracts max.
April erbeten und sind zu senden an: comfortagung gmail.
Hence, the image of a particularly helpless, passive, but all the more attractive female victim is at home in the repertoire of the medium no less than the representation of a radiant, muscular, white, heterosexual hero, whose first duty consists of protecting the world and its inhabitants from catastrophe. From a historical perspective, reactions to the worldwide anti-comics campaigns of the s, including self-censorship among numerous comic book publishers, also exemplarily point to heteronormative and xenophobic tendencies within mass media comics culture, which was in turn long reflected in the demographics of its readership.
1971: Millett – Sexuality is Political
As for the rest, the current of life in Paris daily awaited them, and swept them away with it; so soon as they left the Rue Neuve-Sainte-Genevieve, they forgot the existence of the old man, their butt at dinner. For those narrow souls, or for careless youth, the misery in Father Goriot's withered face and its dull apathy were quite incompatible with wealth or any sort of intelligence. As for the creatures whom he called his daughters, all Mme.
Vauquer's boarders were of her opinion. With the faculty for severe logic sedulously cultivated by elderly women during long evenings of gossip till they can always find an hypothesis to fit all circumstances, she was wont to reason thus:. No objection could be raised to these inferences. So by the end of the month of November , at the time when the curtain rises on this drama, every one in the house had come to have a very decided opinion as to the poor old man.
Poiret was an eagle, a gentleman, compared with Goriot. Poiret would join the talk, argue, answer when he was spoken to; as a matter of fact, his talk, arguments, and responses contributed nothing to the conversation, for Poiret had a habit of repeating what the others said in different words; still, he did join in the talk; he was alive, and seemed capable of feeling; while Father Goriot to quote the Museum official again was invariably at zero degrees--Reaumur.
Eugene de Rastignac had just returned to Paris in a state of mind not unknown to young men who are conscious of unusual powers, and to those whose faculties are so stimulated by a difficult position, that for the time being they rise above the ordinary level. Rastignac's first year of study for the preliminary examinations in law had left him free to see the sights of Paris and to enjoy some of its amusements. A student has not much time on his hands if he sets himself to learn the repertory of every theatre, and to study the ins and outs of the labyrinth of Paris.
To know its customs; to learn the language, and become familiar with the amusements of the capital, he must explore its recesses, good and bad, follow the studies that please him best, and form some idea of the treasures contained in galleries and museums. At this stage of his career a student grows eager and excited about all sorts of follies that seem to him to be of immense importance.
He has his hero, his great man, a professor at the College de France, paid to talk down to the level of his audience. He adjusts his cravat, and strikes various attitudes for the benefit of the women in the first galleries at the Opera-Comique. As he passes through all these successive initiations, and breaks out of his sheath, the horizons of life widen around him, and at length he grasps the plan of society with the different human strata of which it is composed.
If he begins by admiring the procession of carriages on sunny afternoons in the Champs-Elysees, he soon reaches the further stage of envying their owners. Unconsciously, Eugene had served his apprenticeship before he went back to Angouleme for the long vacation after taking his degrees as bachelor of arts and bachelor of law. The illusions of childhood had vanished, so also had the ideas he brought with him from the provinces; he had returned thither with an intelligence developed, with loftier ambitions, and saw things as they were at home in the old manor house.
His father and mother, his two brothers and two sisters, with an aged aunt, whose whole fortune consisted in annuities, lived on the little estate of Rastignac. The whole property brought in about three thousand francs; and though the amount varied with the season as must always be the case in a vine-growing district , they were obliged to spare an unvarying twelve hundred francs out of their income for him. He saw how constantly the poverty, which they had generously hidden from him, weighed upon them; he could not help comparing the sisters, who had seemed so beautiful to his boyish eyes, with women in Paris, who had realized the beauty of his dreams.
The uncertain future of the whole family depended upon him. It did not escape his eyes that not a crumb was wasted in the house, nor that the wine they drank was made from the second pressing; a multitude of small things, which it is useless to speak of in detail here, made him burn to distinguish himself, and his ambition to succeed increased tenfold. So also sah es Ende November in der Familienpension aus. Um die verlorene Zeit wieder einzubringen, hatte der tapfere Student sich vorgenommen, bis zum Morgen durchzuarbeiten.
Das sollte die erste Nacht sein, die er hier im stillen Stadtviertel durchwachte. Wer in diese goldenen Salons zugelassen war, den hatte man in den hohen Adel aufgenommen. Der Marquis von Ronquerolles nannte sie ein Vollblutpferd. He meant, like all great souls, that his success should be owing entirely to his merits; but his was pre-eminently a southern temperament, the execution of his plans was sure to be marred by the vertigo that seizes on youth when youth sees itself alone in a wide sea, uncertain how to spend its energies, whither to steer its course, how to adapt its sails to the winds.
At first he determined to fling himself heart and soul into his work, but he was diverted from this purpose by the need of society and connections; then he saw how great an influence women exert in social life, and suddenly made up his mind to go out into this world to seek a protectress there. Surely a clever and high-spirited young man, whose wit and courage were set off to advantage by a graceful figure and the vigorous kind of beauty that readily strikes a woman's imagination, need not despair of finding a protectress.
These ideas occurred to him in his country walks with his sisters, whom he had once joined so gaily. The girls thought him very much changed. His aunt, Mme. Suddenly the young man's ambition discerned in those recollections of hers, which had been like nursery fairy tales to her nephews and nieces, the elements of a social success at least as important as the success which he had achieved at the Ecole de Droit.
He began to ask his aunt about those relations; some of the old ties might still hold good. After much shaking of the branches of the family tree, the old lady came to the conclusion that of all persons who could be useful to her nephew among the selfish genus of rich relations, the Vicomtesse de Beauseant was the least likely to refuse. To this lady, therefore, she wrote in the old-fashioned style, recommending Eugene to her; pointing out to her nephew that if he succeeded in pleasing Mme. A few days after his return to Paris, therefore, Rastignac sent his aunt's letter to Mme.
The Vicomtesse replied by an invitation to a ball for the following evening. This was the position of affairs at the Maison Vauquer at the end of November A few days later, after Mme. The persevering student meant to make up for the lost time by working until daylight. It was the first time that he had attempted to spend the night in this way in that silent quarter. The spell of a factitious energy was upon him; he had beheld the pomp and splendor of the world. He had not dined at the Maison Vauquer; the boarders probably would think that he would walk home at daybreak from the dance, as he had done sometimes on former occasions, after a fete at the Prado, or a ball at the Odeon, splashing his silk stockings thereby, and ruining his pumps.
Welch ein Mann! Er tat seine Arbeit mit staunenswerter Leichtigkeit. It so happened that Christophe took a look into the street before drawing the bolts of the door; and Rastignac, coming in at that moment, could go up to his room without making any noise, followed by Christophe, who made a great deal. Eugene exchanged his dress suit for a shabby overcoat and slippers, kindled a fire with some blocks of patent fuel, and prepared for his night's work in such a sort that the faint sounds he made were drowned by Christophe's heavy tramp on the stairs.
Eugene sat absorbed in thought for a few moments before plunging into his law books. He had just become aware of the fact that the Vicomtesse de Beauseant was one of the queens of fashion, that her house was thought to be the pleasantest in the Faubourg Saint-Germain. And not only so, she was, by right of her fortune, and the name she bore, one of the most conspicuous figures in that aristocratic world.
Thanks to the aunt, thanks to Mme. It was almost like a patent of nobility to be admitted to those gilded salons; he had appeared in the most exclusive circle in Paris, and now all doors were open for him. Eugene had been dazzled at first by the brilliant assembly, and had scarcely exchanged a few words with the Vicomtesse; he had been content to single out a goddess among this throng of Parisian divinities, one of those women who are sure to attract a young man's fancy.
The Comtesse Anastasie de Restaud was tall and gracefully made; she had one of the prettiest figures in Paris. Imagine a pair of great dark eyes, a magnificently moulded hand, a shapely foot. There was a fiery energy in her movements; the Marquis de Ronquerolles had called her "a thoroughbred," "a pure pedigree," these figures of speech have replaced the "heavenly angel" and Ossianic nomenclature; the old mythology of love is extinct, doomed to perish by modern dandyism. But for Rastignac, Mme.
Anastasie de Restaud was the woman for whom he had sighed. He had contrived to write his name twice upon the list of partners upon her fan, and had snatched a few words with her during the first quadrille. With the impetuosity of his adventurous southern temper, he did all he could to cultivate an acquaintance with this lovely countess, making the best of his opportunities in the quadrille and during a waltz that she gave him.
When he told her that he was a cousin of Mme. He was so lucky as to light upon some one who did not laugh at his ignorance, a fatal defect among the gilded and insolent youth of that period; the coterie of Maulincourts, Maximes de Trailles, de Marsays, Ronquerolles, Ajuda-Pintos, and Vandenesses who shone there in all the glory of coxcombry among the best-dressed women of fashion in Paris--Lady Brandon, the Duchesse de Langeais, the Comtesse de Kergarouet, Mme.
Luckily, therefore, for him, the novice happened upon the Marquis de Montriveau, the lover of the Duchesse de Langeais, a general as simple as a child; from him Rastignac learned that the Comtesse lived in the Rue du Helder. Ah, what it is to be young, eager to see the world, greedily on the watch for any chance that brings you nearer the woman of your dreams, and behold two houses open their doors to you! To set foot in the Vicomtesse de Beauseant's house in the Faubourg Saint-Germain; to fall on your knees before a Comtesse de Restaud in the Chaussee d'Antin; to look at one glance across a vista of Paris drawing-rooms, conscious that, possessing sufficient good looks, you may hope to find aid and protection there in a feminine heart!
To feel ambitious enough to spurn the tight-rope on which you must walk with the steady head of an acrobat for whom a fall is impossible, and to find in a charming woman the best of all balancing poles. He sat there with his thoughts for a while, Law on the one hand, and Poverty on the other, beholding a radiant vision of a woman rise above the dull, smouldering fire. Who would not have paused and questioned the future as Eugene was doing? His wondering thoughts took wings; he was transported out of the present into that blissful future; he was sitting by Mme.
Joseph, broke the silence of the night. It vibrated through the student, who took the sound for a death groan. He opened his door noiselessly, went out upon the landing, and saw a thin streak of light under Father Goriot's door. Eugene feared that his neighbor had been taken ill; he went over and looked through the keyhole; the old man was busily engaged in an occupation so singular and so suspicious that Rastignac thought he was only doing a piece of necessary service to society to watch the self-styled vermicelli maker's nocturnal industries.
The table was upturned, and Goriot had doubtless in some way secured a silver plate and cup to the bar before knotting a thick rope round them; he was pulling at this rope with such enormous force that they were being crushed and twisted out of shape; to all appearance he meant to convert the richly wrought metal into ingots.
Father Goriot had unwound his coil of rope; he had covered the table with a blanket, and was now employed in rolling the flattened mass of silver into a bar, an operation which he performed with marvelous dexterity. Der Vater Goriot aber putzt sich schon seit zwei Jahren die Schuhe selber. Der Luftikus von Student gibt mir vierzig Sous.
So ein Pack! Ein so lebenslustiger Mann wie er hat dazu keine Zeit.
Solche Dummheit! Der Vater Goriot ist mit einem Paket fortgegangen. Der Student kommt erst nach den Vorlesungen, um zehn. Ich habe sie alle gesehen, als ich die Treppe kehrte. Das Ding war hart wie Eisen.
Was treibt er eigentlich, der Alte? Sie haben ihn alle zum Narren, die andern; aber er ist trotzdem ein guter Mann, der mehr wert ist als sie alle. Es ist ein ganzes Dutzend. Geben Sie acht auf die Milch, Christoph, und auf die Katze! Father Goriot looked sadly at his handiwork, tears fell from his eyes, he blew out the dip which had served him for a light while he manipulated the silver, and Eugene heard him sigh as he lay down again. Rastignac, hearing those words, concluded to keep silence; he would not hastily condemn his neighbor.
He was just in the doorway of his room when a strange sound from the staircase below reached his ears; it might have been made by two men coming up in list slippers. Eugene listened; two men there certainly were, he could hear their breathing. Yet there had been no sound of opening the street door, no footsteps in the passage. Suddenly, too, he saw a faint gleam of light on the second story; it came from M.
Vautrin's room. He went part of the way downstairs and listened again. The rattle of gold reached his ears. In another moment the light was put out, and again he distinctly heard the breathing of two men, but no sound of a door being opened or shut. The two men went downstairs, the faint sounds growing fainter as they went. Vauquer out of her bedroom window. Vauquer," answered Vautrin's deep bass voice. Christophe drew the bolts," said Eugene, going back to his room. These incidents turned his thought from his ambitious dreams; he betook himself to his work, but his thought wandered back to Father Goriot's suspicious occupation; Mme.
When a young man makes up his mind that he will work all night, the chances are that seven times out of ten he will sleep till morning. Such vigils do not begin before we are turned twenty. The next morning Paris was wrapped in one of the dense fogs that throw the most punctual people out in their calculations as to the time; even the most business-like folk fail to keep their appointments in such weather, and ordinary mortals wake up at noon and fancy it is eight o'clock.
On this morning it was half-past nine, and Mme. Vauquer still lay abed. Christophe was late, Sylvie was late, but the two sat comfortably taking their coffee as usual. It was Sylvie's custom to take the cream off the milk destined for the boarders' breakfast for her own, and to boil the remainder for some time, so that madame should not discover this illegal exaction. Vautrin, who is not such a bad sort, all the same, had two people come to see him again last night. If madame says anything, mind you say nothing about it. Du hast mich schlafen lassen wie ein Murmeltier.
So etwas ist ja noch gar nicht vorgekommen! Christoph hatte doch den Riegel schon vorgeschoben? Und da haben Sie nun gedacht Couture, who doesn't look twice at every penny, there's no one in the house that doesn't try to get back with the left hand all that they give with the right at New Year," said Sylvie. A miserable five-franc piece.
There is Father Goriot, who has cleaned his shoes himself these two years past.
Lob Sexismus by Lodovico Satana
There is that old beggar Poiret, who goes without blacking altogether; he would sooner drink it than put it on his boots. Then there is that whipper-snapper of a student, who gives me a couple of francs. Two francs will not pay for my brushes, and he sells his old clothes, and gets more for them than they are worth.
But about that great big chap Vautrin, Christophe; has any one told you anything about him? I met a gentleman in the street a few days ago; he said to me, 'There's a gentleman in your place, isn't there? A gay fellow like him hasn't the time to do it. Vautrin about it afterwards, he said, 'Quite right, my boy. That is the way to answer them. There is nothing more unpleasant than to have your little weaknesses known; it might spoil many a match. Such bosh!
There," she cried, interrupting herself, "that's a quarter to ten striking at the Val-de-Grace, and not a soul stirring! Ich werde ein wenig Wasser zusetzen, er wird es nicht merken. Couture and the girl went out at eight o'clock to take the wafer at Saint-Etienne. Father Goriot started off somewhere with a parcel, and the student won't be back from his lecture till ten o'clock.
I saw them go while I was sweeping the stairs; Father Goriot knocked up against me, and his parcel was as hard as iron. What is the old fellow up to, I wonder? He is as good as a plaything for the rest of them; they can never let him alone; but he is a good man, all the same, and worth more than all of them put together.
He doesn't give you much himself, but he sometimes sends you with a message to ladies who fork out famous tips; they are dressed grandly, too. There are a dozen of them. Ah, ah! Guten Tag, Mama Vauquer! Wollen Sie's schleunigst sagen! Kommen Sie, ich werde Ihnen den Tisch decken helfen. Just keep an eye on the milk, Christophe; don't let the cat get at it.
How is this? It's nearly ten o'clock, and you let me sleep like a dormouse! Such a thing has never happened before. Es ist zum Lachen. They all cleared out before there was a wink of daylight. Vauquer retorted; "say a blink of daylight. Anyhow, you can have breakfast at ten o'clock. La Michonnette and Poiret have neither of them stirred. There are only those two upstairs, and they are sleeping like the logs they are.
Vautrin got in last night after Christophe had bolted the door? Christophe heard M. Vautrin, and went down and undid the door. And here are you imagining that? Dish up the rest of the mutton with the potatoes, and you can put the stewed pears on the table, those at five a penny. A few moments later Mme. Vauquer came down, just in time to see the cat knock down a plate that covered a bowl of milk, and begin to lap in all haste. The cat fled, but promptly returned to rub against her ankles.
I told him to stop and lay the table. What has become of him? Don't you worry, madame; Father Goriot shall have it. I will fill it up with water, and he won't know the difference; he never notices anything, not even what he eats. Vauquer, setting the plates round the table. The door bell rang at that moment, and Vautrin came through the sitting-room, singing loudly:. Der Tisch war gedeckt. Frau Vauquer heizte den Ofen, und Vautrin half ihr dabei und summte:.
Mamma Vauquer! Now, isn't that what you really mean? Stop a bit, I will help you to set the table. I am a nice man, am I not? They buy old spoons and forks and gold lace there, and Goriot sold a piece of silver plate for a good round sum. It had been twisted out of shape very neatly for a man that's not used to the trade. One of my friends is expatriating himself; I had been to see him off on board the Royal Mail steamer, and was coming back here.
I waited after that to see what Father Goriot would do; it is a comical affair. In einigen Tagen werde ich mich Ihrer Angelegenheit annehmen, und alles wird gut gehen. He is a simpleton, stupid enough to ruin himself by running after". I have orders to give this into her hands myself. Off with you, old chap," he said, bringing down a hand on Christophe's head, and spinning the man round like a thimble; "you will have a famous tip. By this time the table was set.
Sylvie was boiling the milk, Mme. Vauquer was lighting a fire in the stove with some assistance from Vautrin, who kept humming to himself:. When everything was ready, Mme. Couture and Mlle. Taillefer came in. Vauquer, turning to Mme. To-day is the day when we must go to see M. Poor little thing! She is trembling like a leaf," Mme. Couture went on, as she seated herself before the fire and held the steaming soles of her boots to the blaze.
What you want is a friend who will give the monster a piece of his mind; a barbarian that has three millions so they say , and will not give you a dowry; and a pretty girl needs a dowry nowadays. Oh, mein Herz schlug, ich stellte mir vor Victorine's eyes filled with tears at the words, and the widow checked herself at a sign from Mme. I have never dared to run the risk of sending it by post; he knew my handwriting". In a few days' time I will look into your affairs, and it will be all right, you shall see. If you can induce him to relent a little towards me, I will pray to God for you. You may be sure of my gratitude".
Der Student sah Vautrin starr an. At this juncture, Goriot, Mlle. Michonneau, and Poiret came downstairs together; possibly the scent of the gravy which Sylvie was making to serve with the mutton had announced breakfast. The seven people thus assembled bade each other good-morning, and took their places at the table; the clock struck ten, and the student's footstep was heard outside. Eugene," said Sylvie; "every one is breakfasting at home to-day. Hat sie dazu Geschick, so raubt sie ihre Mutter bis auf die Eingeweide aus.
Sie kennt hunderttausend Schliche! The student exchanged greetings with the lodgers, and sat down beside Goriot. Vauquer's eyes gauged as usual. Eugene is cut out for that kind of thing. She has a magnificent house; the rooms are hung with silk--in short, it was a splendid affair, and I was as happy as a king". There was peach blossom in her hair, and she had the loveliest bouquet of flowers--real flowers, that scented the airbut there! You ought to have seen her! Well, and this morning I met this divine countess about nine o'clock, on foot in the Rue de Gres.
I began to think". Haben Sie sie gesprochen? Haben Sie sie gefragt, ob sie vielleicht die Rechte studieren wolle? If ever you explore a Parisian woman's heart, you will find the money-lender first, and the lover afterwards. Your countess is called Anastasie de Restaud, and she lives in the Rue du Helder. The student stared hard at Vautrin. Father Goriot raised his head at the words, and gave the two speakers a glance so full of intelligence and uneasiness that the lodgers beheld him with astonishment. Frau Couture machte ihr ein Zeichen, aufzustehen, um sich anzukleiden.
Vauquer's ear. Goriot went on with his breakfast, but seemed unconscious of what he was doing. He had never looked more stupid nor more taken up with his own thoughts than he did at that moment. Vauquer, speaking to Vautrin; "how his eyes light up! Michonneau, in a whisper to the student.
Die alte Jungfer senkte den Blick, wie eine Nonne vor antiken Statuen. Father Goriot watched him with eager eyes. I was the twelfth on her list, and she danced every quadrille. The other women were furious. She must have enjoyed herself, if ever creature did! It is a true saying that there is no more beautiful sight than a frigate in full sail, a galloping horse, or a woman dancing.
Der Vater Goriot ist einer jener Leute. Der arme Alte denkt nur an sie. Bringen Sie ihn aber auf das betreffende Kapitel, so erhellt sich sein Gesicht wie ein Diamant. Es ist nicht schwer, hinter das Geheimnis zu kommen. Merken Sie auf! If their husbands cannot afford to pay for their frantic extravagance, they will sell themselves. Or if they cannot do that, they will tear out their mothers' hearts to find something to pay for their splendor.
They will turn the world upside down. Just a Parisienne through and through! Father Goriot's face, which had shone at the student's words like the sun on a bright day, clouded over all at once at this cruel speech of Vautrin's. Vauquer, "but where is your adventure? Did you speak to her? Did you ask her if she wanted to study law? She could not have reached home after the ball till two o'clock this morning. Wasn't it queer? There is no place like Paris for this sort of adventures. Taillefer had scarcely heeded the talk, she was so absorbed by the thought of the new attempt that she was about to make.
Vielfalt 6: by Vielfalt - Issuu
Couture made a sign that it was time to go upstairs and dress; the two ladies went out, and Father Goriot followed their example. Vauquer, addressing Vautrin and the rest of the circle. You are too young to know Paris thoroughly yet; later on you will find out that there are what we call men with a passion". Michonneau gave Vautrin a quick glance at these words. They seemed to be like the sound of a trumpet to a trooper's horse. Der Student ging in sein Zimmer hinauf.
Vautrin ging aus. They must drink the water from some particular spring--it is stagnant as often as not; but they will sell their wives and families, they will sell their own souls to the devil to get it. For some this spring is play, or the stock-exchange, or music, or a collection of pictures or insects; for others it is some woman who can give them the dainties they like.
You might offer these last all the women on earth--they would turn up their noses; they will have the only one who can gratify their passion. It often happens that the woman does not care for them at all, and treats them cruelly; they buy their morsels of satisfaction very dear; but no matter, the fools are never tired of it; they will take their last blanket to the pawnbroker's to give their last five-franc piece to her. Father Goriot here is one of that sort. He is discreet, so the Countess exploits him--just the way of the gay world. The poor old fellow thinks of her and of nothing else.
In all other respects you see he is a stupid animal; but get him on that subject, and his eyes sparkle like diamonds. That secret is not difficult to guess. He took some plate himself this morning to the melting-pot, and I saw him at Daddy Gobseck's in the Rue des Gres. And now, mark what follows--he came back here, and gave a letter for the Comtesse de Restaud to that noodle of a Christophe, who showed us the address; there was a receipted bill inside it. It is clear that it was an urgent matter if the Countess also went herself to the old money lender. Father Goriot has financed her handsomely.
There is no need to tack a tale together; the thing is self-evident. So that shows you, sir student, that all the time your Countess was smiling, dancing, flirting, swaying her peach-flower crowned head, with her gown gathered into her hand, her slippers were pinching her, as they say; she was thinking of her protested bills, or her lover's protested bills. Wissen Sie, was er tat, dieses Scheusal von Mann? Ist das nicht eine Schurkerei? Das war alles! Wenigstens hat er endlich seine Tochter gesehen. Ich begreife nicht, wie er sie verleugnen kann; sie gleicht ihm wie ein Wassertropfen dem anderen.
Eugene looked disgusted. You are so unlucky as to walk off with something or other belonging to somebody else, and they exhibit you as a curiosity in the Place du Palais-de-Justice; you steal a million, and you are pointed out in every salon as a model of virtue. And you pay thirty millions for the police and the courts of justice, for the maintenance of law and order!